“Jesus claimed that “the Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath” (Mk. 2:28); he could therefore abolish the sabbath, and he did in fact do so, for the New Covenant which he brought abrogated the Old Covenant, of which the sabbath was the sign. The Christian Sunday is not in any sense a continuation of the Jewish sabbath. The latter closed the week, but the Christian Sunday opens the week in the new era by commemorating the Resurrection of our Lord, and the appearances of the risen Christ, and by directing our attention to the future, when he will come again. And yet Sunday does symbolize the fulfillment of those promises which the sabbath foreshadowed. Like all the other promises of the Old Testament, these promises too are realized not in an institution, but in the person of Christ: it is he who fulfills the entire Law. Sunday is the “Lord’s Day,” the day of him who lightens our burdens (Mt. 11:28), through whom, with whom and in whom we enter into God’s own rest (Heb. 4:1-11)” [R. de. Vaux, “Ancient Israel: Its Life and Institutions,” trans. by J. McHugh, 2 vols.(New York: McGraw Hill, 1961), 2:483].
Is the Sabbath abolished?